corrosion consultancy,corrosion courses,corrosion expert witness

Galvanic Crevice Pitting Intergranular Weld Decay Knife-Line Attack Exfoliation SSC LME MIC SCC HB-HE-HIC Index

 Different Types of Corrosion
- Recognition, Mechanisms & Prevention

Intergranular Corrosion: Exfoliation Corrosion

Recognition of Exfoliation Corrosion

alunimum exfoliation, layer corrosion,lamellar corrosion,stratified corrosionWhat is exfoliation? Exfoliation is a special form of intergranular corrosion that proceeds laterally from the sites of initiation along planes parallel to the surface, generally at grain boundaries, forming corrosion products that force metal away from the body of the material, giving rise to a layered appearance.


How to identify exfoliation? Exfoliation is sometimes described as lamellar, layer, or stratified corrosion. In this type of corrosion, attack proceeds along selective subsurface paths parallel to the surface. It is possible to visually recognize this type of corrosion if the grain boundary attack is severe otherwise microstructure examination under a microscope is needed.

What alloys are susceptible to exfoliation? Aluminium alloys are susceptible to exfoliation corrosion. The photo above shows an aluminum alloy exposed to tropical marine environment. Also note the paint failures caused by corrosion of aluminum at the coating/aluminium interface.


Mechanisms of Exfoliation Corrosion

What causes exfoliation? Exfoliation is a special type of intergranular corrosion that occurs on the elongated grain boundaries. The corrosion product that forms has a greater volume than the volume of the parent metal. The increased volume forces the layers apart, and causes the metal to exfoliate or delaminate. Aluminum alloys are particularly susceptible to this type of corrosion.


Prevention of Exfoliation Corrosion

How to prevent exfoliation corrosion? Exfoliation corrosion can be prevented through:

  • the use of coatings

  • selecting a more exfoliation resistant aluminium alloy

  • using heat treatment to control precipitate distribution.

For more details on Exfoliation Corrosion

Where can I learn more about exfoliation corrosion? More details on exfoliation corrosion are included in the following corrosion courses which you can take as

in-house training courses, course-on-demand, online courses or distance learning courses:

Corrosion and Its Prevention (5-day module)
Corrosion, Metallurgy, Failure Analysis and Prevention (5 days)

Marine Corrosion, Causes and Prevention (2 days)
Materials Selection and Corrosion (5 days)

If you require corrosion expert witness or corrosion consulting service on exfoliation corrosion, our NACE certified Corrosion Specialist is able to help. Contact us for a quote.

Home | Subject Index | Contact Us | PDF

Copyright 1995-2022. All rights reserved.